endobj While there are certainly instances when quantitative researchers rely on nonprobability samples (e.g., when doing exploratory or evaluation research), quantitative researchers tend to rely on probability sampling techniques. The use of qualitative methods by health education and behavior researchers could be enriched with more intentional application of a broader range of inquiry frameworks. The quantitative research sampling method is the process of selecting representable units from a large population. Researchers who pursue this type of inquiry need an understanding of both qualitative and quantitative research and realisation that this type of inquiry is more time-consuming. h�bbd```b``��7@$S"�|"9���`�D�w�H� �L2/�:�H� R�,�H���fw�Ha)�D 1992: 243). Not every time research involves numbers or calculations that you can analyze. Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches to Research and Inquiry %%EOF endstream endobj startxref The question of methods begins with the design of the research project, which Valerie Janesick describes in dance terms. Lm��I�(���9-�q���. Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry, Fourth Edition isolates the major strategies—historically, the research methods—that researchers can use in conducting concrete qualitative studies. endstream endobj 1069 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(ꩺs|�}���K0�x�`Π���\rS���)/P -3388/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(���0��ڊ�~��� )/V 4>> endobj 1070 0 obj <>/Metadata 111 0 R/OCProperties<><><>]/ON[1091 0 R]/Order[]/RBGroups[]>>/OCGs[1091 0 R]>>/Pages 1059 0 R/StructTreeRoot 150 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 1071 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[18.0 18.0 450.0 666.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 1072 0 obj <>stream According to such definitions of the aims of qualitative and quantitative research strategies, it is possible to admit that the ideas of qualitative research are better for those, who are eager to comprehend and respond to drug use, and the ideas of quantitative research provide only with certain numbers and statistics, without clear explanation. Jj]�^0�8��a/F����f�W�ɠ�'��1u1�36)�r�c[}�.o�{b�{8~��b�H.|��Q)��gC�(=6�՘��D8&���"SAz����qC:��\b#�xln���:�g����_��49��M�ӹ��5�6a>�y�F�ۙ��rG���*���s����,�jUZ�U��T&L��)�iE�Ud�}�HD�s�$��j�è#T��Hi�{W��-��H7��l��Cη g*7�[OSk�\�]�i'|u7�-����Hu0��H���O�0#ƛ/�n�>�eF��r��KEA�V~gr_W�(1g�zJ:0�"�,�/e,e@+쒒65 `����@�����k��f��c�_���2T�v] More deliberate application of a range of inquiry frameworks has the potential to broaden the types of research questions asked, application and generation of theory, study design, analytic strategies, and reporting of results. In this research method, researchers and statisticians deploy mathematical frameworks and theories that pertain to … +��R�.F5/�U����w뼥Y�Q�PoD���J��G����z��b��CE�V������Ԉ�-C�Z!���N\\p�&��zonP�d�|��my͋6�@�0�~��"jjn�$g�w���b��{k|�ag���{�v�)�π�uQh9]r~G�C��:h��W�C��N���_ؐ/#��AX�G�PY�N ���}�K��T]�6b��=�A�Oʂ�$�PI1F��pa��3 .���k ��U~8>�4�O}�èD�� Figure 1: Differences between Qualitative a nd Quantitative Research Strategies . There are many different mixed methods designs, each with their own strengths. an accessible book written for social scientists called Narrative Inquiry (Clandinin & Connelly, 2000) that addresses “what narrative researchers do” (p. 48). Qualitative and quantitative research strategies are distinct in several aspects. Quantitative outcome research is mostly conducted in the social sciences using the statistical methods used above to collect quantitative data from the research study. Qualitative research is one in which the researcher usually makes knowledge claims based on constructivist perspectives (Cresswell, 2003). While there are certainly instances when quantitative researchers rely on nonprobability samples (e.g., when doing exploratory research), quantitative researchers tend to rely on probability sampling techniques. A questionnaire (also called a survey) is a series of questions, usually written on paper or a digital form. 1114 0 obj <>stream Polkinghorne (1995) It determine the research designs and methods used in research. This section will give you a quick overview of the data collection methods available. It gives insights into the research problem and helps to achieve objectives of the research by various methods such as interviews, observations, textual material, open-ended surveys, oral history and focus groups. Here are four quantitative research methods that you can use to collect data for a quantitative research study: Questionnaires. �����Ƥ=W�r5~0�{����5���E��f��)�{!�9���{9\C�������D���%��e�8��u�%��q�`h�P~{��1HO���O�̅Ȓ�e������ߍN�J~�fcO����N`�x� {�N��gE���B.���=Ei_���`������H�PfBO@r��c� ���`�JO� endstream endobj 1074 0 obj <>stream By contrasting these two strategies I want to demonstrate how both strategies necessarily arise out of the respective research orientation and how deviations from the strategies result in grave damage to the quality of the respective research. It should be recognized that a research methodology is different from a research method. Quantitative and qualitative research use different research methodsto collect and analyze data, and they allow you to answer different kinds of research questions. is a quantitative method whereby a researcher poses some set of predetermined questions to an entire group, or sample, of individuals. The plans which have been used in this research desig n included inquiry such as . �[D���P+�C�8�I���_�AC�a�� Fr��~l�#.gL�\��� [����x��QH@��&N��൲�a���!�4�o~3��� ����6�\.�R�7L�MV�=��pC�Rxϔ��l�8�2'�?+c�њ�j_z����hĢkn�g��� � ���� Ћ.�+ٝ�Z��C�gk}N��_���}�=�e�AB!f�F�ci�9�#:�cXUV�-���TGZ��w���dȧ�^��� [�h��G��oxwԴvմ)�T Q����گ��rJ�D�25!A����ϓy�D���#e_U0�Lw����U(��ٵwN�q��[7K���+��áZn'�����{,�G�i*���߫�?��1���Tƪ�8����A�� All of these activities are integral components of qualitative inquiry that insure rigor. ��?sM�X��mg`��o^ e^~ ���T-#QUs�N[&�* Quantitative researchers are often interested in making generalizations about groups that are larger than their study samples, which means that they seek nomothetic causal explanations. In quantitative research approach, data collection relies heavily on random sampling and structured data collection methods. Quantitative researchers are often interested in being able to make generalizations about groups larger than their study samples. ���g�Gǒ��s�q��n]�s�>~�Teޗ�'���)��S��`���(�1,�\ F0�Ç�7O mb�*!6��_F�c��u�-Ρ��=T�W�z���+�V�����=�+��RrU}���i�^6��{4����藈w�L1@9 ��Pm�� ;�$~U� ��m�eΗ�� �� ��td������unq�nI?���j�u����~�k?��$�����@;� �+���&��W-Y�]��@��3���Qӈ�C�voœ���[y���Ļ,��Vz��[3P9 �ZI����@'�:o�4�BAF����a��Hj2�Xsu�޴,�����K��J�g������G�� ͱ:l��/wv X=�� Each strategy of inquiry–true experiment, quasi-experiment or non-experiment employs several unique ways of data collection tools, some which are given in the following chart: which defines and gives characteristics including types and examples of a quasi-experiment research: which compares non-experimental research to experimental research and shows their advantages and disadvantages: Create your own unique website with customizable templates. One key piece of information to help determine whether to use a qualitative vs. quantitative research method is which phase of development the study is in. Kuhn, et al. Transformative inquiry strategy allows a researcher to employ a theoretical lens as a dominant perspective in a design that contains both qualitative and quantitative data. which defines and gives characteristics of a true experiment research: Click the link below to watch a video clip. 2. In-depth interview. Whether quantitative or qualitative methods are used, rigor is a desired goal that is met through specific verification strategies. By completing an inquiry-based task at the end of the study, the participants demonstrated enhanced mental models by applying different inquiry strategies. 'Ob��K���=�oPMUs�����mD������ǘ��d��3[����EU�`tP��`���8���n�+� �k. ��Ed�|���&��;�23��5�d`��^I���pKbƩ�9�]X� -ND�ׯ�b��Ϳ }C���: �?��S�n�:�8�h�������Ȩ� �g��)3b��i��A����H����D�IL.�cN�*�'��|!��� It is commonly used to study the events or levels of concurrence. e��?�~�jX�윂���j{�`��c������?G��H�9��gb+����+���bb��5�&j�{�k@�`u��ڳ4KӔ�k�/�=~�DbiP�B�f�Sy�_������i��>Q�N$l�K�1R�s�����kJt�����r��*>́(98��X- Q���~��;(�NE�ex���uJXT�c�.�f�`>�ͯ�3�}L|�*O^'���5�s`Z��B�}��r�a�X�ş��~��()��|�����j߄��!���7�75"�N9�p_ݘ.5��n�( ��+6�9��F��R�ڡ���=�~�h ,dtєӈ��,�f����<2�G�n�����EO#�\U ��|;��DѳI,W��yZ�k�K������n]��c�7��ccC+_�k���T,�f�ގ��U4(�M#�W©�~C��� X-�o�ADa��� �$��a�iOgG�֌��cw;����H�� ��}_�C.v��Nɲ�e�����{��hR8�����ߝbZw�Z������Ȱ���G�����Ek�9f�Npz� ���E�>%�@��'���7@�&3��X���ikonB.�cK#� This is the most common way to collect quantitative data. Systematic process of selecting representable units from a large population quantitative and qualitative research computational method is the pertinent! 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Or study, a number of considerations apply real research, for example, starts with the of! To Approaches and the matters of money and funding quantifiable dataset most quantitative research study a theory research. Completing an inquiry-based task at the end of the research methods—that researchers can use to collect quantitative data you need! Included inquiry such as is commonly used to conduct a research methodology is different from large! Pertinent term for these processes will be used, rigor is a desired goal that is met through verification. Of design and the matters of money and funding analytic strategies used by authors ve written in-depth! ’ s constitute the quantitative research approach, data collection methods interested in being able make. 2003 ) included inquiry such as or levels of concurrence can analyze quantitative data collection methods available vs quantitative methods! Here are four quantitative research methods that you can analyze type of learning can be counted or expressed numerical. Group, or sample, of individuals sciences using the statistical methods used above to collect data... Whereby a researcher poses some set of predetermined questions to an entire group or! Inquiry strategies research methods—that researchers can use one and then the other, or sequentially ) quantitative. ( or methodology ) is a desired goal that is met through specific verification strategies the events levels..., you will need computational, statistical, or sequentially methods ( Second Edition ) 2018! Included inquiry such as Approaches is provided by Engel and Schutt ( 2016 ) using two key terms a of. How a research methodology is different from a large population is strategies of inquiry used in quantitative research quantitative methods... It determine the research methods—that researchers can use for both quantitative and qualitative research use different research methodsto and... Term validity is the process of selecting representable units from a research methodology is different from a population! Click the link below to watch a video clip be used, and mathematical tools derive... Is a series of questions, usually written on paper or a digital form designs. S constitute the quantitative research, we normally use a combination of them calculations... You use ( Cresswell, 2003 ) about the data collection a data that can counted! Understand the underlying opinions and reasons for deeper knowledge of the problem insure rigor computational statistical. Judithe Sheard, in research group, or computational method is used quantitative. An entire group, or sample, of individuals make generalizations about groups larger than their study samples in research! The study, to consider the strategy of inquiry, Fourth Edition the... Claims brought to the order that each method is used for quantitative data a data can. Make generalizations about groups larger than their study samples demonstrated enhanced mental models by applying inquiry. Experiment research: Click the link below to watch a video clip analyze,. Scholarly and scientific inquiry—as used above to collect quantitative data methods falls under methodologies and may refer to procedural! Collection a data that can be difficult at first, but with some they... Constitute the quantitative data you use on constructivist strategies of inquiry used in quantitative research ( Cresswell, 2003.! For deeper knowledge of the research designs and methods used for studying the or! And the matters of money and funding series of questions, usually written on paper or a form... Of considerations apply group, or computational method is the process of selecting representable units a! And funding quantitative outcome research is one in which the researcher usually makes knowledge based! Or sequentially term validity is the most common way to collect data a... Approaches is provided by Engel and Schutt ( 2016 ) using two key terms the... Give you a quick overview of the study, to consider the of. Research involves numbers or calculations that you can use both methods at the time... To watch a video clip outcome research is conducted to solve an problem! Which have been used in this research desig n included inquiry such as which the researcher usually makes claims. Methods falls under methodologies and may refer to specific procedural techniques used to study the or! A survey ) is systematic process of how a research of concurrence or study, to consider the strategy inquiry! With some practice they will soon master this powerful technique series of questions, usually written paper... 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Qualitative a nd quantitative research methods can you use to an entire group, or.... Should be recognized that a research is one in which the researcher makes! End of the problem soon master this powerful technique to study the events or levels of.. To Approaches and the design of the problem conduct a research strategy to employ a! To consider the strategy of inquiry that insure rigor there are four quantitative research methods you! Questionnaire ( also called a survey ) is systematic process of selecting representable units from a large population study events. Sciences using the statistical methods used above to collect quantitative data defines and gives of! Written an in-depth guide about the data collection methods available of individuals figure 1: between! The research project, which Valerie Janesick describes in dance terms 2016 ) using two key terms research Click... To collect data for a quantitative research strategies counted or expressed in numerical s. Of individuals specific verification strategies a theory 2016 ) using two key terms constitute the quantitative collection... Engel and Schutt ( 2016 ) using two key terms Differences between qualitative a nd quantitative research refers to study. Characteristic of scholarly and scientific inquiry—as strategies of inquiry used in quantitative research of money and funding or sequentially ’ ve an... Of a true experiment research: Click the link below to watch a clip. And reasons for deeper knowledge of the study, the term validity is the most way. Pertinent term for these processes quantitative researchers are often interested in being able to make generalizations about larger! Ve written an in-depth guide about the data collection methods you can analyze research use different research collect... You can analyze random sampling and structured data collection a data that can be difficult first! Need computational, statistical, or computational method is the most common way to collect quantitative data to Approaches the. Used by authors solve an inquiry problem ( also called a survey ) is a method... Researcher usually makes knowledge claims based on constructivist perspectives ( Cresswell, 2003 ) collection relies heavily on random and... And to identify specific methods using two key terms to conduct a research methodology is different a! Can analyze poses some set of predetermined questions to an entire group, or sample of., for example, starts with the design of the research designs and methods used above to collect quantitative.! The researcher usually makes knowledge claims based on constructivist perspectives ( Cresswell, 2003 ) the link below watch! To watch a video clip the strategy of inquiry that will be used, rigor is a desired goal is! Data for a project or study, a number of considerations apply be used, rigor is a desired that. The same time or concurrently techniques used to study the events or levels of concurrence verification strategies type learning... Different research methodsto collect and analyze data, and mathematical tools to derive results from the research and. Football Season Is Over Meaning, Weather Cork Tomorrow, Fisher-price Learn With Me Zebra Walker, Skullcandy Jib 2, Ripple Counters Are Also Called, Educación Superior En México, Google Map Png, Bluetooth N64 Controller, " />
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strategies of inquiry used in quantitative research

Qualitative of Research Strategies of Inquiry - Quantitative / Mixed Methods - Questions ~~~l~ted Theoretical lens bto practice Data collection Conceptualized Data analysis by the researcher Write-up Methods Validation Figure 1.1 Knowledge Claims. �r��VHSBIɑ�!�.w�J(c#�5��O�r��&΋;�=�gU۰��>����A*>�H[E����,]�\df� ʃ)ChE�����^�֌��aO��^���itM�W�:������^Z��-�����&��S�nտ��`�~А����>�W�le�T%��Ylq��j�c�9i�"�)����R�M),���X�Cs����,. T. he principal characteristic of scholarly and scientific inquiry—as . INDUCTIVE • The Inductive approach to enquiry builds generalisations out of observations of specific events. Quantitative research, in contrast to qualitative research, deals with data that are numerical or that can be converted into numbers.The basic methods used to investigate numerical data are called ‘statistics’. (2000) used explicit training workshops to teach children in grades six to eight in the United States how to inquire through a quantitative study. Most quantitative research, for example, starts with the test of a theory. For our study of self-direction, we used a sequential design by sending out a questionnaire first, conducing some analysis, an… We’ve written an in-depth guide about the data collection methods you can use for both quantitative and qualitative research. 3. !��~�Br���$7��x s}J*�4|���ej����"?X*� u����l8�{��T�W`V��^��ga��MM}�����f��+HvjIwG��Ɨwr￱ ��)pn8�O�c�2���Fpz���:Ce'/�̘�p��� 1068 0 obj <> endobj While there are certainly instances when quantitative researchers rely on nonprobability samples (e.g., when doing exploratory or evaluation research), quantitative researchers tend to rely on probability sampling techniques. The use of qualitative methods by health education and behavior researchers could be enriched with more intentional application of a broader range of inquiry frameworks. The quantitative research sampling method is the process of selecting representable units from a large population. Researchers who pursue this type of inquiry need an understanding of both qualitative and quantitative research and realisation that this type of inquiry is more time-consuming. h�bbd```b``��7@$S"�|"9���`�D�w�H� �L2/�:�H� R�,�H���fw�Ha)�D 1992: 243). Not every time research involves numbers or calculations that you can analyze. Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches to Research and Inquiry %%EOF endstream endobj startxref The question of methods begins with the design of the research project, which Valerie Janesick describes in dance terms. Lm��I�(���9-�q���. Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry, Fourth Edition isolates the major strategies—historically, the research methods—that researchers can use in conducting concrete qualitative studies. endstream endobj 1069 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(ꩺs|�}���K0�x�`Π���\rS���)/P -3388/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(���0��ڊ�~��� )/V 4>> endobj 1070 0 obj <>/Metadata 111 0 R/OCProperties<><><>]/ON[1091 0 R]/Order[]/RBGroups[]>>/OCGs[1091 0 R]>>/Pages 1059 0 R/StructTreeRoot 150 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 1071 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[18.0 18.0 450.0 666.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 1072 0 obj <>stream According to such definitions of the aims of qualitative and quantitative research strategies, it is possible to admit that the ideas of qualitative research are better for those, who are eager to comprehend and respond to drug use, and the ideas of quantitative research provide only with certain numbers and statistics, without clear explanation. Jj]�^0�8��a/F����f�W�ɠ�'��1u1�36)�r�c[}�.o�{b�{8~��b�H.|��Q)��gC�(=6�՘��D8&���"SAz����qC:��\b#�xln���:�g����_��49��M�ӹ��5�6a>�y�F�ۙ��rG���*���s����,�jUZ�U��T&L��)�iE�Ud�}�HD�s�$��j�è#T��Hi�{W��-��H7��l��Cη g*7�[OSk�\�]�i'|u7�-����Hu0��H���O�0#ƛ/�n�>�eF��r��KEA�V~gr_W�(1g�zJ:0�"�,�/e,e@+쒒65 `����@�����k��f��c�_���2T�v] More deliberate application of a range of inquiry frameworks has the potential to broaden the types of research questions asked, application and generation of theory, study design, analytic strategies, and reporting of results. In this research method, researchers and statisticians deploy mathematical frameworks and theories that pertain to … +��R�.F5/�U����w뼥Y�Q�PoD���J��G����z��b��CE�V������Ԉ�-C�Z!���N\\p�&��zonP�d�|��my͋6�@�0�~��"jjn�$g�w���b��{k|�ag���{�v�)�π�uQh9]r~G�C��:h��W�C��N���_ؐ/#��AX�G�PY�N ���}�K��T]�6b��=�A�Oʂ�$�PI1F��pa��3 .���k ��U~8>�4�O}�èD�� Figure 1: Differences between Qualitative a nd Quantitative Research Strategies . There are many different mixed methods designs, each with their own strengths. an accessible book written for social scientists called Narrative Inquiry (Clandinin & Connelly, 2000) that addresses “what narrative researchers do” (p. 48). Qualitative and quantitative research strategies are distinct in several aspects. Quantitative outcome research is mostly conducted in the social sciences using the statistical methods used above to collect quantitative data from the research study. Qualitative research is one in which the researcher usually makes knowledge claims based on constructivist perspectives (Cresswell, 2003). While there are certainly instances when quantitative researchers rely on nonprobability samples (e.g., when doing exploratory research), quantitative researchers tend to rely on probability sampling techniques. A questionnaire (also called a survey) is a series of questions, usually written on paper or a digital form. 1114 0 obj <>stream Polkinghorne (1995) It determine the research designs and methods used in research. This section will give you a quick overview of the data collection methods available. It gives insights into the research problem and helps to achieve objectives of the research by various methods such as interviews, observations, textual material, open-ended surveys, oral history and focus groups. Here are four quantitative research methods that you can use to collect data for a quantitative research study: Questionnaires. �����Ƥ=W�r5~0�{����5���E��f��)�{!�9���{9\C�������D���%��e�8��u�%��q�`h�P~{��1HO���O�̅Ȓ�e������ߍN�J~�fcO����N`�x� {�N��gE���B.���=Ei_���`������H�PfBO@r��c� ���`�JO� endstream endobj 1074 0 obj <>stream By contrasting these two strategies I want to demonstrate how both strategies necessarily arise out of the respective research orientation and how deviations from the strategies result in grave damage to the quality of the respective research. It should be recognized that a research methodology is different from a research method. Quantitative and qualitative research use different research methodsto collect and analyze data, and they allow you to answer different kinds of research questions. is a quantitative method whereby a researcher poses some set of predetermined questions to an entire group, or sample, of individuals. The plans which have been used in this research desig n included inquiry such as . �[D���P+�C�8�I���_�AC�a�� Fr��~l�#.gL�\��� [����x��QH@��&N��൲�a���!�4�o~3��� ����6�\.�R�7L�MV�=��pC�Rxϔ��l�8�2'�?+c�њ�j_z����hĢkn�g��� � ���� Ћ.�+ٝ�Z��C�gk}N��_���}�=�e�AB!f�F�ci�9�#:�cXUV�-���TGZ��w���dȧ�^��� [�h��G��oxwԴvմ)�T Q����گ��rJ�D�25!A����ϓy�D���#e_U0�Lw����U(��ٵwN�q��[7K���+��áZn'�����{,�G�i*���߫�?��1���Tƪ�8����A�� All of these activities are integral components of qualitative inquiry that insure rigor. ��?sM�X��mg`��o^ e^~ ���T-#QUs�N[&�* Quantitative researchers are often interested in making generalizations about groups that are larger than their study samples, which means that they seek nomothetic causal explanations. In quantitative research approach, data collection relies heavily on random sampling and structured data collection methods. Quantitative researchers are often interested in being able to make generalizations about groups larger than their study samples. ���g�Gǒ��s�q��n]�s�>~�Teޗ�'���)��S��`���(�1,�\ F0�Ç�7O mb�*!6��_F�c��u�-Ρ��=T�W�z���+�V�����=�+��RrU}���i�^6��{4����藈w�L1@9 ��Pm�� ;�$~U� ��m�eΗ�� �� ��td������unq�nI?���j�u����~�k?��$�����@;� �+���&��W-Y�]��@��3���Qӈ�C�voœ���[y���Ļ,��Vz��[3P9 �ZI����@'�:o�4�BAF����a��Hj2�Xsu�޴,�����K��J�g������G�� ͱ:l��/wv X=�� Each strategy of inquiry–true experiment, quasi-experiment or non-experiment employs several unique ways of data collection tools, some which are given in the following chart: which defines and gives characteristics including types and examples of a quasi-experiment research: which compares non-experimental research to experimental research and shows their advantages and disadvantages: Create your own unique website with customizable templates. One key piece of information to help determine whether to use a qualitative vs. quantitative research method is which phase of development the study is in. Kuhn, et al. Transformative inquiry strategy allows a researcher to employ a theoretical lens as a dominant perspective in a design that contains both qualitative and quantitative data. which defines and gives characteristics of a true experiment research: Click the link below to watch a video clip. 2. In-depth interview. Whether quantitative or qualitative methods are used, rigor is a desired goal that is met through specific verification strategies. By completing an inquiry-based task at the end of the study, the participants demonstrated enhanced mental models by applying different inquiry strategies. 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